Gitlow v. New York, decided on June 8, 1925, was the first case the ACLU brought before the US Supreme Court. It lost by a 7-2 vote.
The ACLU filed an amicus brief supporting Osama bin Laden’s former chauffer in a case regarding the constitutionality of military commissions. On June 29, 2006, the US Supreme Court ruled 5-3 in favor of the ACLU’s side.
On Sep. 7, 2001, Anthony D. Romero became the first Latino and first openly gay man to be appointed as the ACLU's Executive Director.
In 2001, nine former ACLU leaders opposed the ACLU's position against the McCain-Feingold bill, a bill which added limitations on political campaign contributions and expenditures. The ACLU contended that such limits compromise free speech.