Last updated on: 6/20/2008 | Author:

Supreme Court of the United States Biography

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“The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of the United States and such number of Associate Justices as may be fixed by Congress. The number of Associate Justices is currently fixed at eight (28 U.S.C. 1). Power to nominate the Justices is vested in the President of the United States. Article III, #1 of the Constitution further provides that ‘[t]he Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services, a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office….’

Article III, #1 of the Constitution provides that ‘[t]he judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.’ The Supreme Court of the United States was created in accordance with this provision and by authority of the Judiciary Act of September 24, 1789 (1 Stat. 73). It was organized on February 2, 1790.”

“A Brief Overview of the Supreme Court,” Supreme Court website (accessed Nov. 14, 2007)


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